The term encompasses both the hardware and software needed to implement such a server. As long as they have received the corresponding authorizations, accessing users can open, read, change, and delete files and folders on a file server as well as even upload their own files to the server. A file server is a central server in a computer network that provides file systems or at least parts of a file system to connected clients. File servers therefore offer users a central storage place for files on internal data media, which is accessible to all authorized clients. Here, the server administrator defines strict rules regarding which users have which access rights : For instance, the configuration or file authorizations of the respective file system enable the admin to set which files can be seen and opened by a certain user or user group, and whether data can only be viewed or also added, edited, or deleted. With file servers connected to the internet and configured accordingly, users cannot only access the files via the local network but also benefit from remote access. This enables files to be accessed and saved on the file server even when users are on the go. All modern operating systems such as Windows, Linux, or macOS can be used on a file server, although the devices available in the network need to be compatible with the operating system.
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How do file servers work?
Carbonite server backup solutions allow small and midsize businesses to protect the data stored in file servers and Network-Attached Storage NAS devices from computer viruses, accidental deletion, natural disasters and anything else that might cause a company to lose critical information. File servers and NAS devices offer similar capabilities in that they both provide a centralized location for users on a network to store, access, edit and share files. But there are some differences between the two technologies that aren't always obvious. This quick primer comparing file servers to NAS devices should help clear up any confusion. Key similarities and differences File servers and NAS devices each provide a great way to share files across devices on a network. But the typical file server offers more powerful hardware and greater functionality than a NAS device. For example, a file server and NAS device both allow you to control who has access to specific files and folders. Administrators accomplish this by creating user groups and giving those groups access to the files they need to do their jobs. But a file server typically offers more configuration options in terms of security and more granular access controls than a NAS device. In addition to file storage and sharing, NAS devices can also be used to automatically create locally stored backups of your business data.
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As the name implies, a file server is a server that provides access to files. It acts as a central file storage location that can be accessed by multiple systems. File servers are commonly found in enterprise settings, such as company networks , but they are also used in schools, small organizations, and even home networks. A file server may be a dedicated system, such as network attached storage NAS device, or it may simply be a computer that hosts shared files. Dedicated file servers are typically used for enterprise applications, since they provide faster data access and offer more storage capacity than non-dedicated systems. In home networks, personal computers are often used as file servers. However, personal NAS devices are also available for home users that require more storage capacity and faster performance than a non-dedicated file server would allow. File servers can be configured in multiple ways. For example, in a home setting, a file server may be set to automatically allow access to all computers on the local network LAN.
In a small business, the standard peer-to-peer networking model used in homes and very small offices eventually becomes insufficient. Eventually user demands—such as access to shared storage drives and printers—increases beyond what a router and endpoints can do. So, how do you know when you should introduce a server into your small office network? If any of the following scenarios sound familiar to you, it is time to think about deploying dedicated server hardware on premises.